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Ouline Health & Safety Plan
 
 
Introduction

This Health & Safety Plan is prepared in accordance with the Construction (Design & Management) Regulations 1994, Approved Code of Practice to the regulations and guidance notes to the regulations.   Reference needs to be made to the Annexes for items such as Risk Assessments and Method Statements (see Index)

It is the intention of Blast Away that the project be designed and constructed in such a way that the risks to the health and safety of all persons engaged in its construction and maintenance are eliminated or reduced to a level which is acceptable under current health and safety legislation.   All those involved in the construction phase have a statutory duty to comply with the Health and Safety Plan and to provide the Principal Contractor with any information which they have, which he needs to keep the Plan up to date.   Anyone wishing to seek advice on compliance, should contact the Principal Contractor.

Health & Safety File

All contractors will be reminded of their statutory duty to contribute, where appropriate, to the Health & Safety File.

Site Management

Blast Away is required under the CDM Regulations to manage and control all matters of Health and Safety on site. Blast Away will dismiss from site any operative or contractor not meeting health and safety standards. Blast Away will make contractors aware that non-compliance with any health and safety legislation or site rules will result in them being removed from site.

Selection of Contractors

Domestic contractors are selected from a database of contractors following vetting for Health and Safety compliance. The database holds an appraisal of the Health and Safety Information provided by each contractor. Their health and safety performance on site will be regularly appraised and the database updated.

Site Rules

The following rules will apply on all sites:-

1.   All operatives will attend a brief site induction conducted by the 

    site manager or a designated deputy

2.   Each operative will provide Blast Away with relevant ‘Proof of Competence

    and training‘ certificates before work commences.

3   Contractors bringing any plant, machinery or electrical tools to site

    will provide relevant Test certificates for each item of equipment.

4.   All sites are designated ‘Hard hat and Safety Footwear Sites‘ 

    and therefore all operatives will wear hard hats and safety shoes at

    all times

5.   All operatives will wear/use any items of PPE required by the site

    rules and as indicated as a result of an assessment.

6.   All operatives will observe site signage.

7.   No Smoking, eating or drinking anywhere within the vicinity of the

    work area

8.   No operative is allowed entry to unauthorised work areas

9.   Operatives to be given clear instruction as to the procedures for

    handling visitors/strangers.

Training   

Blast Away will ensure that all operatives on site have been trained and instructed to understand the safety procedures which are relevant to their work. Where operatives‘ knowledge or experience proves insufficient, Blast Away will notify the operative‘s employer so the appropriate   corrective action can be taken.

Toolbox talks will be held as determined by changing site conditions. Talks will be arranged by the site manager and details of attendance recorded.

Before commencing on site, the site manager receives instruction regarding his roles and responsibilities for this site.   All operatives, management personnel and visitors must be inducted by the Site Manager before going out onto the site for the first time. Inductions will be recorded.

Documentation 

Every Contractor shall provide to Blast Away, before work commences, COSHH Noise and Risk Assessments as appropriate to their operations, together with Method Statements outlining the safe system of work to be employed for operations requiring a method statement, or where one has been requested. Contractors arriving on site without the appropriate documentation will not be allowed to commence work. 

Blast Away will ensure that the findings of COSHH, Noise and Risk Assessments together with relevant details from Method Statements are passed to all operatives on site who are likely to be affected by the work assessed.

Communications

The entire workforce should be encouraged to communicate directly to any supervisory staff details of any hazard they have seen, or to make any suggestion that will make conditions safer.   Any such contribution is recorded in the site safety diary and raised on the next safety meeting, or earlier if appropriate.   The site supervisor operates an ‘Open Door‘ policy.

Control of Access 

Blast Away will erect barriers or hoarding, internally and/or externally as relevant to the project designed to:-

                1).   protect members of the public and/or staff

                2).   fully enclose the work area.

Blast Away will ensure that operatives and third parties do not climb, damage or alter it in any way. Any damage will be repaired as soon as practically possible. Access points built into such temporary hoarding will remain closed at all times. The site manager will issue clear instruction to all operatives during the brief site induction the action they will take to ensure the safety of visitors/strangers. All visitors will be accompanied by a supervisor.   All personnel must book in and out of site.

All doors to the building will be kept closed (and locked if appropriate) thus preventing unauthorised access. Fire escape doors will not be locked.

Information and Signs

A Health and Safety Information Board will be displayed at the site.   It contains information on the evacuation plan, site risks, details on first aid and resuscitation, the health and safety law poster, etc.   All health and safety signage will comply with the Health and Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations 1996.

P.P.E.

The site will be designated a ‘Hard Hat and Safety Boots‘ site for all the period there is a risk of head or foot injury. The site manager will be responsible for assessing these risks. Other PPE will be worn as indicated in risk assessments and method statements. Every Contractor is therefore expected to provide each of his operatives with the following items of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):-

1.   A Safety Helmet

2.   Safety shoes/boots

3.   Items of PPE as appropriate to the work undertaken as outlined in   

    the COSHH, Risk   and Noise Assessments

Blast Away will ensure that all operatives have available and wear/use, when appropriate, all items of PPE. Blast Away will provide adequate quantities of items of relevant PPE for the use of visitors.

Noise

Blast Away will continually assess the level of noise that operations are creating and implement measures that keep levels as low as possible, not only for workers on site but for residents and the public close to site. Adequate provision will be allowed for these measures which could be the use of noise reduced compressors and other machinery, out of office hours working for the noisiest operations, the use of baffles, etc.

First Aid

A list of trained first aiders will be displayed on Site.   Contractors are to notify names of first aiders to the site manager.

First Aid Boxes

Sufficient first aid boxes will be provided the contents of which will be as a minimum:

1.   General guidance card on first aid (Form Ind(G)4 rev(p))   

2.   Individually wrapped sterile adhesive dressings (assorted)

3.   Sterile eye pads, with attachments 

4.   Individually wrapped triangular bandages 

5.   Safety pins 

6.   Medium sized individually wrapped sterile unmedicated wound

      dressings (approx. 10 cm x 8 cm) 

7.   Large sterile individually wrapped unmedicated wound dressings

      (approx. 13 cm x 9 cm) 

8.   Extra-large sterile individually wrapped unmedicated wound 

      dressings (approx. 28 cm x 17.5cm) 

9.   300 ml of sterile water or sterile normal saline solution (0.9 percent)

      in sealed disposable containers (where mains water is not readily

      available for eye irrigation) 

10. Individually wrapped moist cleansing wipes (where soap and water

      are not available)

Extra items, to meet special hazards, may also need to be kept but only where the first aider has been trained in their use. Items such as medicines or tablets will not be kept or administered.

Accidents   

The site office will be accessible at all times for first aid and the emergency telephone.   The site location will be prominently marked by the telephone. All accidents are to be entered in the relevant contractors Accident Book, and also reported to Blast Away, no matter how trivial.   Contractors are to report any notifiable accidents and occurrences in accordance with RIDDOR.   The site manager will be given a copy of the F2508.

Mechanical Plant & Equipment

Inspections 

Inspections and through examinations will be carried out and recorded in accordance with LOLER 98 and the manufacturers recommendations. Lifting equipment will be inspected weekly this inspection will be recorded and held within the Health and Safety Plan

Proof of competence 

Contractors will demonstrate a system which ensures that all drivers of mechanical plant are competent to perform their duties. All operatives will therefore hold a relevant certificate of training   such as CPCS (The Construction Plant Competence Scheme), or similar. .

Documentation 

All plant and work equipment will be assessed for risks, before use.   Information should be on site (noise levels, data sheets, electrical information, operators handbooks etc).   All relevant risk assessments for the use of plant are to be submitted. Blast Away will ensure that Plant Test Certificates are available for all items of plant and machinery used on site.

Work on Roofs

Edge Protection

An assessment will be carried out to establish the requirements for the protection of falls. Where any work is to be within 2m of the roof edge, edge protection will consist of toeboards and guardrails with a gap not exceeding 470mm to a minimum of 950mm to the top guardrail above roof level. This may need to be around the entire roof perimeter. The assessment will consider if edge protection needs to be supplemented by safety nets. Safety harnesses may be used as a last resort. If scaffolding is used as adequate edge protection then the working platform will be no more than 300mm below the eaves and extend three boards beyond the line of the roof edge.

Where work does not have to be carried out within 2m of the roof edge, a simple barrier consisting of crossed scaffold tubes supporting a tubing guardrail may be used to limit the extent of the working area.   Such barriers will be positioned at least 2m from the edge and work will be closely supervised to ensure that persons do not go outside the designated area.

A working platform fitted with guardrails and toeboards, situated on the roof, may be used as an alternative to a barrier or platform at the roof edge.   Only proprietary systems will be used.

The assessment will also consider the means of preventing falls of materials/tools. This may entail the provision of brick guards, fans, debris netting or other similar precautions.   It may also be necessary to lay sheeting or boarding to prevent material falling through gaps in a working platform or between the platform and the building.   Barriers at ground level may also be necessary. 

Waste material will be lowered in skips or baskets, or disposed of through enclosed debris chutes. The practice of throwing such material from the roof or scaffold will be strictly prohibited.

Openings/Holes 

All openings in roofs will be protected by guardrails and/or by fixed substantial covers and suitably marked (e.g. "Hole Below").

Fragile Roofs 

Before any roof is used as a means of access or as a place of work, Blast Away will identify those parts covered with fragile materials and decide on the precautions to be taken.   Particular attention will be paid to non-fragile roofs which have been repaired with fragile materials which may not easily be recognised under a paint or tar coating and plastic rooflights disguised by age or paint.

Roof Battens 

If timber battens are to be used as a foothold, Blast Away will first assess their suitability, i.e. their good condition and if they are fixed to rafters which are not more than 420mm apart. The battens will be at least of the quality specified in BS 4471 Part 2 and will be not less than 19mm thick by 32mm wide. The age and possible strength loss of battens exposed during re-roofing work will be investigated.

Roof ladders 

On most sloping roofs, suitable roof ladders or crawling boards are essential. For minor maintenance work or inspection, where work is of short duration and edge protection is not provided, roof ladders will always be used.

Roof ladders or crawling boards will be purpose made for the job and will not be made up from odd timber on site. They will be strong enough to support persons when spanning across the supports for the roof covering and be secured or so positioned as to prevent movement. The anchorage at the top of the ladder will not rely on the ridge capping, which may break away from the ridge or in the case of half-round ridge tiles, prevent an anchor board from getting a good grip.   The anchorage will, wherever possible bear on the opposite slope by means of a properly designed and manufactured ridge iron or be secured by other means such as a rope.

Skylights 

Where skylights are present on a roof, Blast Away will ensure that double guard rails or protection covers are provided to all skylights in the work area. Additionally, provision will be made to prevent access to skylights out of the work area. This will be by a rigid barrier.

Weather conditions 

In the event of adverse weather conditions, Blast Away will ensure that all loose materials are immediately removed off all roof areas and other similar work areas. Regular weather forecasts will be obtained.

Storage 

If materials have to be stacked on the roof, a working platform will be provided to allow unloading and handling to be carried out safely.

Overhead Services

When overhead services are present on site, Blast Away will contact the service provider to establish safe working distances. Suitable and adequate barriers and warning signs to include, goalposts, display of signs etc, may need to be provided and such requirements will be established and discussed with the service provider.

Edge Protection 

Blast Away will ensure that manufacturers, suppliers and hirers provide adequate instructions, which will be available to and followed by users.

Guardrails and toeboards will be fitted on all four sides of the platform.. Guardrails will not be less than 950mm above the platform. Sufficient numbers of intermediate guardrails will be fitted so that the unprotected gap does not exceed 470mm.

Safe Use 

Mobile towers will only be used only on hard, level surfaces, castors will be turned outwards to provide maximum base dimensions and the brakes locked ‘on‘ when the scaffold is in use. They will be moved only by pulling or pushing at the base and be clear of persons and materials before towers are moved. 

Static towers will have metal base plates and, unless the foundation is concrete or other solid material, the load will be spread by timber sole plates.

Blast Away will ensure that the height to least base ratio will be not greater than the following:

Mobile internal tower 3.5:1   -   Mobile external tower 3: 1

Static internal tower 4:1       -   Static external tower 3.5:1

Ladders or trestles placed on the top platform to extend the height of the tower will be strictly forbidden as will climbing, using the horizontal members of end frames.

Power Operated Work Platforms   

Proof of competence

Blast Away will ensure that only operatives who have been properly trained and in possession of a certificate of training   such as CPCS (The Construction Plant Competence Scheme), or similar are allowed to operate elevated work platforms. All operatives will provide Blast Away with copies of each certificate before they are allowed to use such machines. Untrained or unauthorised persons will not be allowed to operate mobile platforms under any circumstances.

Machine Selection

Blast Away will ensure that the correct type of Mobile Elevated Work Platform is used appropriate to the access available and the work being carried out .

Inspections 

Visual daily and weekly inspections will be completed by a trained competent person. The results of the weekly inspections will be recorded and entered in the health and Safety Plan.

Occupied Premises   

General Information

Blast Away will take precautions to protect occupants and visitors to the building. An assessment will be undertaken of the hazards and risks which could face occupants and the appropriate action taken. The assessment will have regard to safe access and egress, noise and dust generated by the work, emergency procedures, disruption of services, traffic movements, requirements for signage and lighting.

Safe place of work 

Occupants will be instructed not to enter the construction work area.   However, their presence in the building will be considered as part of the health and safety management of the project.

Fire Precautions 

Blast Away will make contact with any occupants before any work commences to plan the emergency fire procedures and/or additional fire safety measures that need to be put into place. These discussions may need to involve the local fire authority. Work may require breaching of fire stopping in services, recesses, ducts and voids where fire could spread rapidly. Procedures will be put into place to ensure that occupants are not put at risk during such work. Occupants will be informed of temporary arrangements if it becomes necessary for any part of the smoke/heat detection system to be temporarily disconnected.

Services

Blast Away will ensure that all current services to the occupied areas are inspected before work commences. Arrangements will be made to ensure services are not affected by the work and the power supply is adequate to cope with both the needs of the project and the occupants.